For many years, agricultural practices have been the major contributors to the economy of many continents in the world including Africa. The idea of monetizing agriculture as a key towards social entrepreneurship is, without doubt, a giant stride. For the world as a whole, agriculture is a part of our lives that we cannot survive without.
While it is great to have food to eat and store up, rare animals and take care of our farms – it is much better to obtain a value for what we produce. Various subfields such as farm machinery, breeding, crop production, seed supply and a number of others are the major contributors to increased productivity as well as the basic foundation of Agribusiness.
Seeding and sowing
The customary means of planting is hand-seeding. Through and through, it is laborious and slows down productivity. Drought and fallow lands also obstruct easier planting in East Africa. So, a sower should understand the depth and distance with regards to sowing. If seeds are down too deep, the roots are choked up and not able to respire, hence posing a great threat to the shoot system. Shallow depth also exposes the seed to birds, wind or rain by carrying it off or rendering the seed unviable.
Modern precision methods should, therefore, be given candid consideration. It works accurately and uniformity by placing seeds at just the right depth and an equivalent distance. Hence germination is fast, and access to sunlight, moisture, and other growth factors are uniform.
Also, farmlands should be kept free of weeds in preparation for germination. Soil preparation is totally the way to it. Tilling the soil eliminates weeds and unwanted elements which automatically compete for water and nutrients. Next, organic elements can be incorporated into the soil. Loosening the soil works too, by increasing the production of soil microbes. Also, It is important to irrigate farmlands because without water, plants will not survive for long.
Livestock farming/ Animal breeding
Previously, the Agricultural sector of East Africa was dominated by coffee, cotton and other major products. Although this contributes to the socio-economic growth in general and the need for diversification cannot be overemphasized.
Livestock farming is another subdivision under Agribusiness. The daily demand for protein-rich diet is alarming. Many agricultural bodies are of the opinion that extensive livestock production will combat the challenge.
While in the quest for increased production and productivity, the welfare and health of the animals in relation to the values of disease and infections should not be overlooked. Given this, managing the animals as well as the farmers becomes a priority. In fact, environmental factors such as safety, sustainability, and detailed information should be passed on to farmers.
Furthermore, precision livestock farming tools may be employed. Some of them are;
- Precision feeding: a feeding system that enables accurate but minimal feed circulation amongst the animals. Of course, the ration for each animal is determined to curtail waste.
- Milking: nothing tastes fresher than goat or cow milk. It is highly nutritious and with numerous health benefits. You will agree that the conventional method of milking the livestock is fast becoming strenuous. The milk collected due to exposure eventually suffers contamination. A better method is automatic milking machines- robots programmed to handle a number of animals per day and keep the product safe for market value.